DIGITAL OCEAN HOW TO INSTALL NGINX

How to Install and Secure PHPMyAdmin on Nginx Digital Ocean

Introduction

Hello Friends ReviewHost.Plafon.id, welcome to our tutorial on how to install and secure PHPMyAdmin on Nginx Digital Ocean. In today’s digital age, data security is of utmost importance. This is why it is important to take proper measures to secure sensitive data like databases. PHPMyAdmin is an open source tool that allows users to conveniently manage their MySQL databases through a web interface. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install and secure PHPMyAdmin on Nginx Digital Ocean.

Step 1 – Creating a New Droplet

The first step in installing PHPMyAdmin on Nginx Digital Ocean is to create a new Droplet. A Droplet is a virtual machine instance that can be used to host web applications. To create a new Droplet, log in to your Digital Ocean account and click on the “Create” button located in the top right corner of the dashboard. Next, select the “Droplets” option from the dropdown menu.

Sub Step 1 – Choosing a Plan

Once you have selected the Droplets option, you will be taken to a page where you can select a plan for your new Droplet. Digital Ocean offers various plans ranging from basic to advanced. Select the plan that best fits your needs.

Sub Step 2 – Choosing a Distribution

The next step in creating a new Droplet is to select a distribution. Digital Ocean offers various distributions including Ubuntu, CentOS, and Debian. For the purposes of this tutorial, we will be using CentOS 7.

Sub Step 3 – Choosing a Datacenter Region

The next step is to choose a datacenter region. This is the location where your Droplet will be hosted. Select the datacenter region that is closest to your target audience to minimize latency and improve performance.

Sub Step 4 – Selecting Additional Options

On the next page, you will be given the option to select additional features for your Droplet. For the purposes of this tutorial, we will not be selecting any additional features.

Sub Step 5 – Creating a SSH Key

After selecting additional features, you will be asked to create a SSH key. A SSH key is a secure way to log in to your Droplet without using a password. To create a SSH key, follow the instructions on the page.

Sub Step 6 – Adding Additional Information

The final step in creating a new Droplet is to add any additional information that may be required. Once you have added all the necessary information, click on the “Create Droplet” button to create your new Droplet.

Step 2 – Installing Nginx on CentOS 7

Once you have created your new Droplet, the next step is to install Nginx on CentOS 7. Nginx is a free, open-source web server that can be used to serve static and dynamic content on the web. Here’s how to install it:

Sub Step 1 – Logging in to Your Droplet

To log in to your Droplet, you will need to know the IP address of your server. You can find this information in the Digital Ocean dashboard. Once you have your IP address, open up a terminal window and type:

“`
ssh root@your_server_ip_address
“`

Sub Step 2 – Updating the System

Before installing Nginx, it’s important to update the system. This can be done by running the following commands:

“`
yum -y update
“`

Sub Step 3 – Installing Nginx

Now that the system is up to date, you can proceed with installing Nginx. You can do this by running the following command:

“`
yum -y install nginx
“`

Step 3 – Installing PHPMyAdmin

With Nginx installed, the next step is to install PHPMyAdmin. PHPMyAdmin is not available in the default CentOS 7 repository, so we’ll need to add the EPEL repository before we can install it.

Sub Step 1 – Adding the EPEL Repository

To add the EPEL repository, run the following command:

“`
yum -y install epel-release
“`

Sub Step 2 – Installing PHPMyAdmin

Once the EPEL repository is installed, you can proceed with installing PHPMyAdmin. You can do this by running the following command:

“`
yum -y install phpmyadmin
“`

Step 4 – Configuring Nginx for PHPMyAdmin

With PHPMyAdmin installed, the next step is to configure Nginx to serve it. Here’s how to do it:

Sub Step 1 – Creating a New Nginx Server Block for PHPMyAdmin

To create a new Nginx server block for PHPMyAdmin, create a new file under the directory /etc/nginx/conf.d/ and name it phpmyadmin.conf:

“`
vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/phpmyadmin.conf
“`

Sub Step 2 – Configuring the Nginx Server Block

Now that you have created the new server block file, open it in your text editor and paste in the following configuration:

“`
server
listen 80;
server_name your_domain_name;
root /usr/share/phpMyAdmin;

index index.php;
location /
try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;

location ~ .php$
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php-fpm/php-fpm.sock;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;

location ~ \.ht
deny all;

“`

Be sure to replace “your_domain_name” with your own domain name.

Sub Step 3 – Restarting Nginx

Once you have saved the new server block file, restart Nginx to apply the changes:

“`
systemctl restart nginx
“`

Step 5 – Securing PHPMyAdmin

PHPMyAdmin is a powerful tool that can be used to manage MySQL databases. However, if left unsecured, it can also be a security risk. In this section, we’ll show you some steps that you can take to secure PHPMyAdmin.

Sub Step 1 – Disabling Remote Access to PHPMyAdmin

By default, PHPMyAdmin is accessible from anywhere on the internet. This means that anyone with the correct URL can access your database. To prevent this, you should restrict access to PHPMyAdmin to only the IP addresses that need it.

To do this, add the following code to your Nginx server block file:

“`
allow 192.168.1.1;
deny all;
“`

Be sure to replace “192.168.1.1” with the IP address that you want to allow access to.

Sub Step 2 – Using SSL to Encrypt Traffic

Another way to secure PHPMyAdmin is to use SSL to encrypt traffic. SSL is a protocol that is used to encrypt data before it is sent over the internet. To use SSL with PHPMyAdmin, you will need to have an SSL certificate installed on your server.

Sub Step 3 – Changing the PHPMyAdmin Login URL

By default, the login URL for PHPMyAdmin is straightforward and can be easily guessed by hackers. To make it harder for hackers to find the login URL, you can change it to something more obscure. To do this, add the following code to your Nginx server block file:

“`
location /login
rewrite ^/login/(.*)$ /phpMyAdmin/index.php?$1 last;

“`

This will change the login URL to “your_domain_name/login”.

Conclusion

In conclusion, PHPMyAdmin is an incredibly useful tool that can be used to manage MySQL databases through a web interface. However, it is important to take proper security measures to prevent unauthorized access to your data. In this tutorial, we have shown you how to install and secure PHPMyAdmin on Nginx Digital Ocean. We hope that you found this tutorial helpful and informative. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below.

Thank you for reading and we look forward to seeing you in our next tutorial.

DIGITAL OCEAN HOW TO INSTALL NGINX

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